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Mainstream, VOL LVI No 23 New Delhi May 26, 2018

Karnataka’s Verdict, Loud and Clear

Saturday 26 May 2018, by Kuldip Nayar

The following article was written before the latest developments in Karnataka.

Tactically the Congress has won the day even though the party has been rejected outright by the people of Karnataka which went to polls for the state legislature. In the process, the Congress has still managed to win 78 seats out of a possible 222 for which elections were conducted. The party High Command went into a huddle and instantly decided to provide outside support to the Janata Dal (Secular) which has secured mere 38 seats.

Eventually, the Congress avenged its defeat. At the same time, it also turned the tables against the BJP which emerged the single largest party. It’s unfortunate that despite 104 seats in its kitty, the BJP will not be able to form the government. In the bargain, it is the JD(S) under the leadership of former Prime Minister Deve Gowda which has got an unexpected bonanza.

However, one cannot deny the BJP’s success because of the popular verdict. Apparently, it is all because of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his party president Amit Shah, who were instrumental in bringing together the two warring groups, one led by B.S. Yeddyurappa and the other by B. Sriramulu, in the State. The RSS can also feel satisfied that it had its way in selecting the candidates.

This is the first time that the BJP, always associated with the north, crossed the Vindhyas to have a foothold in the south. This is bound to have an impact in Andhra Pradesh if and when it goes to polls, especially after Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu decided to take on the BJP when the Centre refused to give a special status to the State.

Kerala has traditionally been a Communist stronghold while Tamil Nadu is still caught up with the two Dravidian parties, the DMK and AIADMK. Making inroads into the two States will be a difficult proposition for the BJP, but the party has already begun its spadework, keeping the future elections in mind. As for Telangana, Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao is fully entrenched now.

Yet, the overall scenario is not conducive to the belief of secular parties. The Congress has realised it more than anybody else. That also sums up the reason for the party’s High Command sending two veterans, Ghulam Nabi Azad and Ashok Gehlot, to Bengaluru to offer the party’s support to H.D. Kumaraswamy to form the government.

In the process, the Congress was able to keep the BJP out of the seat of power. The only possible hurdle in the entire plan, the outgoing Chief Minister Siddaramaiah, was taken on board before the party offered the leadership position to Kumaraswamy. This was in contrast to what happened in Goa, Manipur and Meghalaya where the BJP moved swiftly to form governments with its quick planning. Perhaps, this was something even the BJP would not have dreamt.

At the time of writing, the ball is in the State Governor’s court. All depends on what he ultimately decides. As for the convention, the Governor has to ask the single largest party to form the government and prove its majority on the floor of the House. But the recent experience is not a happy one. The Congress had emerged as the single largest party both in Goa and Manipur. However, it was not invited to form the government.

It is beyond any doubt that the JD(S) and Congress coalition have a clear majority. But this is only a post-poll arrangement which has no sanction. Normally, the pre-poll alliances between political parties are the safer options for Governors to trust and ensure formation of a stable government than the post-poll alliance, like the one now between the JD(S) and Congress. Indeed, this one is intended to stop the BJP from coming to power. Yet, the claims of the coalition over the number of MLAs, which will ultimately count, cannot be denied.

The S.R. Bommai judgment clearly enunciates that the strength of the parties must be decided on the floor of the House and not at Raj Bhavan. In the present context, the ideal way to go forward is to convene the Assembly session as early as possible, appoint a pro-tem Speaker, administer oath to all the elected members, before asking both the contenders to prove their majority on the floor of the House. Whoever wins the confidence vote is entitled to be the Chief Minister.

The Congress could have well averted a situation like this if only it had a tie-up with the JD(S) before the elections. Neither the Congress nor Siddaramaiah envisaged that in the last three decades, the people of Karnataka have never returned the party that was in power. The anti-incumbency factor has caught up with the outgoing Chief Minister. His first four years of mis-governance came to be counted. That he could win in only one of the two constituencies he had contested speaks volumes about his popularity with the people.

As a result, the Congress has lost yet another State from its grasp. It’s more than a coincidence that the party started losing ground ever since Rahul Gandhi has become the President. The Congress has no option except to have a new face at the top. But who will replace him remains the question. Ideally, Sonia Gandhi herself should re-occupy the office. The tag of being Italian is no longer there.

The other option is Priyanka Vadra if the choice is to be confined to the dynasty. There are other leaders available but the party is so much linked with the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty that no other person qualifies. The tragedy is that the people of India have moved away from the dynasty, but the party has not from its thinking.

The Karnataka election will certainly have repercussions for the future of Indian politics. Even though Prime Minister Modi has emerged as the country’s most popular politician, he or, for that matter, the BJP cannot be absolutely sure of its prospects in 2019.

The author is a veteran journalist renowned not only in this country but also in our neighbouring states of Pakistan and Bangladesh where his columns are widely read. His website is

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